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Different musical instruments facts, names of musical instruments etc

Musical Instruments produce sound in many ways. But they all depend on vibrations to produce sound waves in the air. In stringed instruments or music equipments, a stretched string vibrates. The violin, viola, cello, and double bass each have four strings, which are caused to vibrate with a bow or by plucking. The player varies the pitch of each string by pressing it at one point against a finger-board - the shorter the length of the vibrating string, the higher the pitch of the sound. The heavier strings produce lower notes.

Stringed instruments such as the guitar, harp, lute and banjo are always plucked. The guitar, lute and banjo have frets on the finger-board to help the player place his fingers accurately. On the harp, there is a separate string for each note, although the length of each string can be varied by pressing pedals at the base. In the dulcimer, which like the harp has separate strings for each note, the strings are struck by hammers. In the piano, the strings are struck by hammers operated by a keyboard. Other keyboard instruments with strings are the harpsichord, in which the strings are plucked by quills, and the clavichord, in which they are struck by metal wedges.

Violin - different musical instruments facts Bass drum - names of musical instruments

Different musical instruments facts, names of musical instruments etc

Violin Bass drum

In wind music equipment a column of air vibrates. In woodwind instruments, the vibration is caused by a reed attached to a mouthpiece, as in clarinets and saxophones; by a double reed, as in oboes and bassoons; or by blowing across a hole in the instrument, as in flutes and piccolos. All woodwind instruments have holes that are covered by the fingers or by pads operated by the fingers. These alter the length of the vibrating column of air - the shorter the column the higher the pitch. In the recorder, a whistle or fipple mouthpiece causes the vibration.

French horn - names of musical instruments Trumpet - different musical instruments facts

Different musical instruments facts, names of musical instruments etc

French horn Trumpet

In brass instruments, the vibration is caused by the player's lips vibrating in a cup-shaped or cone-shaped mouthpiece. The air column vibrates from the mouthpiece to the bell of the instrument. Several notes can be blown in this way, and these are the notes used in bugle calls. In brass instruments other than the bugle, the air column can be lengthened. In horns, trumpets, and tubas, the air column is diverted into pieces of side-tubing by pressing valves or pistons. Six more notes are obtained in this way for each note obtained by a certain lip pressure. In the trombone, the slide is moved to vary the length of the air column.

Triangle - different musical instruments facts B-flat clarinet - music equipment

Different music instruments – Online Encyclopedia

Triangle B-flat clarinet

The organ is also a wind instrument of a kind. Each note is produced by a separate pipe into which air is blown by pressing a key. In percussion instruments, a taut skin or a piece of metal or wood is struck to produce a note.

The note is usually of short duration. There are two kinds of percussion instruments: definite pitch or tuned percussion and indefinite pitch percussion. Tuned instruments include the timpani - large drums in which the tension of the skins can be varied. In the vibraphone and xylophone, metal or wooden bars tuned to various notes and arranged like the piano keyboard are struck with mallets. In the celesta, small hammers separated by a keyboard strike metal plates. Indefinite pitch instruments include drums, cymbals, gongs, tambourines, and triangles.

electric guitar - music instruments

Different musical instruments facts - electric guitar

Several popular and folk-music instruments depend on the vibration of reeds to produce the sound, without causing an air column to vibrate as in woodwind instruments. The mouth-organ, concertina, and accordion have a reed for each note. The mouth-organ is the interesting music equipment, it is blown directly, but the concertina and the accordion have bellows to produce the air flow. In bagpipes, a set of vibrating reeds produces the drone. The tune is played by a chanter with holes like a woodwind instrument. The bag is blown up by the mouth and squeezed under the arm to produce the air flow. In many modern musical instruments, the sound is produced by electrical means, amplified, and fed to a loudspeaker (the names of musical instruments are the electric guitar and the electronic organ).

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