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Interesting facts about Hernando Cortes biography

Hernando Cortes biography: (1485-1547) - a Spanish soldier, conquered the rich land of Mexico for Spain. In 1511 Cortes helped in the conquest of Cuba. Seven years later the governor of Cuba put Cortes in command of a small fleet and an army of about 650 men, and sent him to the mainland to look for treasure. Cortes led his expedition along the coast of Yucatan and, in 1519, landed on the coast of Mexico. There he founded the settlement of Veracruz.

Interesting facts about Hernando Cortes biography

Interesting facts about Hernando Cortes biography

Interesting facts about Hernando Cortes biography: portrait

 The expeditions of Hernando Cortes

 Cortes then turned against the governor of Cuba, declaring his loyalty to the king of Spain alone. Leaving a small force to guard Veracruz, Cortes marched overland to Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City), the capital of the Aztec Indians. Montezuma, the Aztec ruler, at first thought Cortes was a god. But the Spaniard made Montezuma a prisoner and attempted to govern the country through him.

Interesting facts about Hernando Cortes: the Aztecs rebelled and attacked Cortes and his men in Tenochtitlan. Although the Spaniards had better weapons and killed many thousands of Aztecs, they were so greatly outnumbered that eventually they had to give up the city. Cortes and his small army were chased to the plain of Otumba. There, on July 7, 1520, they fought and won a great battle against the pursuing Aztecs. The following year, with a reinforced army, Cortes recaptured Tenochtitlan, thus conquering Mexico for Spain. He later continued to extend Spanish control over the country.

Cortes eventually lost favor with the king of Spain, and in 1540 he returned home in disgrace. He died seven years later near Seville. Cortes was one of the first Europeans to reach the Pacific Ocean, during his first expedition in 1519. He made a journey around the Yucatan Peninsula from 1524 to 1526 and in 1535, he explored the Pacific coast and founded a settlement in California. Here such facts from the Hernando Cortes biography.

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