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Nevada, state of Nevada facts for kids

Nevada is a state in the western United States. It is nicknamed the 'Silver State' after the large amounts of silver once mined there. It is also called the Sagebrush State because many of these gray-green plants cover the desert.

Nevada has a population of 2,700,551. After Alaska, it has the smallest population of any American state. Tourism is the main source of income for Nevada. The gambling resorts at Las Vegas and Reno are world famous. Visitors also come to see ghost towns, such as Virginia City, that were once busy mining towns.

The state covers an area of 110,540 square miles. Most of Nevada lies within the Great Basin, a vast dry area that is mainly desert and plateau. There are also several mountain ranges. The highest point is Boundary Peak, 13,145 feet high, in southern Nevada. There are few lakes and rivers. The longest river, the Humboldt, flows about 300 miles through northern Nevada. Lake Tahoe, on the western border, is a popular resort. The only lake having an outlet to the sea is Lake Mead. This artificial lake was created when Hoover Dam was built.

Much of Nevada is suited to raising livestock. Crops grown include such cereals as alfalfa, barley, hay, oats, as well as wheat, potatoes and sugar beet. In the hottest areas, almonds, figs and grapes are also grown. Mineral resources include antimony, copper, gold, lead, manganese, mercury, silver, tungsten and zinc. Mining is still a chief industry in Nevada. There are many corporations in Nevada, for example, some Nevada banks and Nevada hotels have a long history of success.

state of Nevada - corporations in Nevada The map - state of Nevada facts for kids

State of Nevada facts for kids

A flock of sheep is driven across a stream in Nevada. Livestock raising is among Nevada's leading industries, and the state has millions of acres of pasture.

The map shows the location of Nevada

In 1859 silver was discovered at Corn-stock Lode, in Mt Davidson, western Nevada. Many settlers arrived, and Nevada was proclaimed a state on October 31, 1864. In the same year, Carson City was made the capital. When the price of silver fell in the 1870's and 1880s many people left. Livestock became increasingly important. In the 1900s more minerals were discovered, and the economy improved. Atomic weapons are tested at the Nevada Test Site, northwest of Las Vegas.

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